In this vlog post for Pavilion ELT, Damien Herlihy continues his professional development (PD) series of How to be the English teacher you want to be in 2021. You can see the introduction to the series here.

In this episode he focuses on instructions. The giving of instructions – if you’re a practicing teacher – is something you do every day, in every lesson. The success or failure of a lesson can often depend on the instructions you give, yet it doesn’t appear so often in PD schedules around the world.

Find out in this episode why instructions can go wrong; the elements of good instruction giving; and how to develop this invaluable skill.

Please let us know how the series is making you reflect on your own teaching and/or what has worked well for you in the comments under the vlog or below our shares on the Pavilion ELT social media.



Bradshaw, C. (2005). Giving Great Instructions! English Teaching professional 38

Thornbury, S. (2017). The New A-Z of ELT: A Dictionary of Terms and Concepts. London: Macmillan Education.